braids are textile compositions made with yarn thread
crossing in diagonal direction. Each thread intertwines
the diagonal threads it crosses one from above and one
from below. Braiding machines are used for such
constructions. Strength of braids and time of braiding
shows the quality of the braiding machines.
Primarily there are two kinds of braids :
Round braids have a round or oval cross section. The
products made are cords (technique), laces (for
clothes), cables (electro technique) or ropes (heavy
Flat braids are
called laces or just flat braids.
Braids have special characteristic features. Standard
braids have only a low lateral stability. Due to this
property they can be sawn to other textiles without
problems. On the other hand they can be made rigid and
stiff with inserts and aftertreatments.
The load-bearing capacity of braided products is much
more higher as of products made with other techniques.
Because of the special properties, braids can be found
(often hidden) in many different applications. Some
examples: Clothes and shoes, candle wicks, sash cords,
water ski ropes, mountaineering ropes, yachting ropes,
parachute lines, fishing nets, mooring lines, medical
applications such as catheters or dental floss,
overbraided high-pressure tubes, ground cables or